, Doña Paula Estate Chardonnay is planted on soils that are sandy on the surface and have calcareous and alluvial stones in their depth. The Uco Valley climate presents warm days and cool nights, with an average temperature variation of 13°C (55.4°F). The average annual rainfall is 280 mm (11.02 in). The grapevines are espalier trained and drip irrigation with melt water is used. The yield is 8 tonnes per hectare (approximately 3.24 tonnes per acre).At Doña Paula, our vineyards have always been managed using sustainable agriculture practices.